Sep 17, 2021
Why Nuclear Submarines for Australia Make Perfect Sense
Huzzah! The news broke this week that Australia, Great Britain, and the United States have forged a new alliance dubbed AUKUS, for Australia-U.K.-U.S. Among other things, the...
Sep 11, 2021
Jacksonian America: The Sleeping Giant Awakened by 9/11
In a previous life, I was the foreign-affairs columnist for the local paper in my adopted hometown of Athens, Georgia. The month after 9/11 the family and I motored over to the Stone...
Sep 6, 2021
Kill Terrorists in Afghanistan from ‘Over the Horizon’?
You have to be there to combat terrorism—or any other martial challenge for that matter. This is Strategy 101: the likely victor is the contender that amasses superior strength...
Sep 1, 2021
Are China and Russia Trying To Attack the Law of the Sea?
This week over at the Global Times, Deng Xiaoci has the story of how China intends to regulate shipping in China’s “territorial waters” starting September 1. Writes...
Aug 14, 2021
The U.S. Sea Services Are Preparing for Great Power War
The U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard—the U.S. sea services—are currently prosecuting “Large Scale Exercise 2021.” The maneuver’s banal codename...
Aug 7, 2021
China’s Strategy To Control the South China Sea
The perils of imprecise language obsessed George Orwell. Vague, abstract, or euphemistic language made it possible to entertain foolish thoughts. Foolish thoughts gave rise to even...
Jul 29, 2021
To Beat China in the Gray Zone, You Have to Be There
During Desert Shield and Desert Storm my skipper took delight in regaling ship riders with the wonders of battleships, ours in particular. This old sea-dog had a standard talking...
Jul 22, 2021
Can the Royal Navy Help America Deter China in Asia?
Two cheers for Great Britain! Why only two? London merits two cheers because it has accepted that “Global Britain” must play its part in a democratic armada meant to face...
Jul 16, 2021
A Toxic Brew of Careerism and Fear
How do you change a culture? That question courses through a new congressionally mandated report from retired marine Lt. Gen. Robert Schmidle and retired Rear Adm. Mark Montgomery....
Jul 9, 2021
Wanna Know How To Stop China From Being a Bully? Watch a Christmas Story.
Some opine that Chinese Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping bears a striking resemblance to Winnie the Pooh. Nah. He’s Scut Farkus, the bully from the 1983...
Jul 1, 2021
Why the Russian Navy Is Testing the West in the Black Sea and Mediterranean
Major doings in the Black Sea and Eastern Mediterranean these past couple of weeks. At present naval forces representing thirty-two countries are carrying out Exercise Sea Breeze...
Jun 23, 2021
Do U.S. Navy Surface Warfare Officers Need a New Career Path?
Live a T-shaped life. To oversimplify a trifle, that means trying to know something about everything and everything about one thing. It means combining breadth with depth. As...
Jun 17, 2021
Does Biden Have the Right Naval Strategy to Take on Russia and China? History Has an Answer.
This week Chief of Naval Operations Mike Gilday and Marine Corps Commandant David Berger went before the U.S. House Armed Services Committee to talk budgets and fleet...
May 31, 2021
Stop Saying the U.S. Military Spends More Than China
Take that, zombie! Over at Breaking Defense, Bill Greenwalt aims a blast to the cranium of one of the most deathless talking points—myths, fallacies, call them...
May 27, 2021
How NATO Would Wage a Fourth Battle of the Atlantic Against Russia
Over at Business Insider, Christopher Woody has the story of how NATO navies are working to keep the sea lanes connecting North America with Europe open in...
May 24, 2021
How Big Is The Threat of China's Navy?
China doesn’t need to command sea or sky, either partially or wholly, to prevail in a trial of arms—let alone to deter in peacetime. It only needs to convince Washington,...
May 17, 2021
America’s Maoist Maritime Strategy To Beat China in a War
It’s one way to understand China’s maritime strategy in the Western Pacific. It’s also a way for the American sea services to plot strategy to deny...
May 7, 2021
Time for Cognitive Warfare Against China?
“Cognitive warfare”? Yes, please—and more of it! Over at the South China Morning Post, reporter Minnie Chan has the story of how the U.S....
Apr 24, 2021
An Unmanned Future for the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps?
Last month the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps released a joint Unmanned Campaign Framework detailing how the sea services intend to design, build, test, and...
Apr 20, 2021
Update The Small Wars Manual For The 21st Century
One grave risk lurks within the upcoming pullout of U.S. forces from Afghanistan, otherwise an altogether wholesome development. Namely, the armed services may—either...
Apr 13, 2021
What Maps Can Tell Us About U.S. Strategy for Europe and Asia
An old book from the 1950s explains How to Lie with Statistics. Author Darrell Huff alerts readers to be on guard against those who misuse numbers—wittingly or...
Apr 5, 2021
Do Russia Or China Have ‘Limited’ Or ‘Unlimited’ Political Goals?
Riddle me this: does a contender intent on overthrowing the international system harbor “limited” or “unlimited” political goals? This may sound like an idle...
Mar 29, 2021
America’s Maritime Army
A couple of weeks back the U.S. Army released the latest in the family of strategy documents to issue forth from the armed services, alongside such directives as the U.S....
Mar 15, 2021
History Can Teach Joe Biden How To Outcompete China
That’s what the ancients seemed to believe, at any rate. Athenian and Spartan grandees sized up their soon-to-be foes in 432 B.C., sketching policies and strategies for waging...
Mar 8, 2021
Guam: The Foundation of Any U.S. Military Strategy on China
U.S. Indo-Pacific Command supremo Admiral Philip Davidson wittingly or unwittingly fortified deterrence in the Western Pacific this week. Admiral Davidson told a webinar at...
Feb 26, 2021
How To Overcome Weaknesses in the Western Way of Sea War
The question put to me for today is: what are some aspects of the Western way of maritime war that opponents can exploit? I chose two, and elected to use sports—and in...
Feb 25, 2021
Great Responsibility Demands a Great Navy
The responsibilities the United States has taken on require it to build a Navy capable of managing them. Ben Parker bestowed some sage advice on his nephew, Peter, when he said:...
Feb 22, 2021
Focus U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers on China, Not Persian Gulf
Not long ago I wrote in these pixels that there is a “beautiful stability” to U.S. foreign policy. In general, that’s a good thing. Consensus popular and elite...
Feb 15, 2021
Keep the Pentagon’s “Anti-Extremism” Campaign Short and Discriminate
Use mercy well. Cruelty too. That’s the advice Renaissance Florentine statesman-philosopher Niccolò Machiavelli would tender as the Pentagon sets out to purge...
Feb 2, 2021
Great Responsibility Demands a Great Navy
The responsibilities the United States has taken on require it to build a Navy capable of managing them.
Jan 30, 2021
Will China Trigger the Monroe Doctrine?
Last week’s missive forecast rough continuity in U.S. foreign policy following this month’s changeover of presidencies. After reading it a correspondent...
Jan 25, 2021
The Beautiful Stability of U.S. Foreign Policy
19FortyFive is about change, and transients—especially sudden, dramatic, and quick ones, or black swans like a Pearl Harbor that fracture past trendlines...
Jan 16, 2021
The CNO Has a Navigation Plan for China
Haste. That’s a recurring theme in Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) Mike Gilday’s 2021 “Navigation Plan,” released this week. The Navigation Plan is a...
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